Public safety and security

Überwachung von öffentlichen Infrastrukturen
© viappy/Fotolia.com

Natural catastrophes, industrial accidents, as well as global political threats and their consequences are complex perils that require comprehensive and resilient strategies for catastrophe and crisis management. In crisis situations, the protection of the population as well as the safety of rescue teams, communications systems, and supply infrastructure must all be ensured. Fail-safe information transmission and processing are prerequisites for early warning and coordination of aid teams. Active communications with and via the population must be ensured in crisis situations as well. Making use of increasingly specialized networking offers a big opportunity. It is also necessary to detect perils early in fighting and preventing terrorism and crime. The challenge here consists of developing and implementing secure systems that protect the population from harm on one hand, and on the other preserve individual rights and privacy.

Early detection and warning systems

Early detection and warning systems provide protection of the population and critical infrastructure. Camera-based systems, sensor networks, and Big Data analyses can provide the means for timely identification of potential perils posed by natural catastrophes, disruptive technical factors, or the propagation of epidemics. Early warning systems can then inform the population about the peril and the area affected, and instruct them on how they should conduct themselves.

Catastrophe management requires fast and carefully thought-out actions in a crisis situation. The team leaders make difficult decisions in as little time as possible that can have life and death consequences. Interoperable networked assistance systems and computer-aided scenario analysis support the decision-making process. They focus the continuous ow of information, deliver comprehensible presentations of the complex relationships and facilitate rapid overview of the crisis situation and how to cope with it effectively while conserving resources.

Simulation and modeling of complex operational processes in critical infrastructure like electrical and water supplies is indispensable for protecting these. In this way, failures and environment-dependent or political changes can be analyzed and their consequences identified, as well as various safety and security measures evaluated. However, the development of detailed and integrated safety plans with testing and training areas for operational and rescue forces also contributes to protection of public buildings, companies, as well as scientific and cultural institutions.

Project MOBIKAT

Example project from Fraunhofer IVI, Dresden

The MobiKat system helps to prevent and to cope with large-scale disasters as well as to assist with prevention of ordinary perils. Senior staff, team leaders, and disaster relief teams on site receive a valuable basis for decisions about effective planning and implementation of protection and rescue measures. Guaranteeing mobility for all participants is a priority. This ensures rapid assistance and facilitates considerable reduction of property damage and personal injury.

Project page

Feuerwehrmänner vor einem Feuerwehrauto.
© Bernd Liebl|Fraunhofer

Mobility support, but also better decision-making bases are the goals of MOBIKAT.

Scientific publications

YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
2019Empfehlungen und Maßnahmen aus dem Forschungsprojekt "REBEKA"
Ballschuh, Philipp; Sobottke, Susanne; Ristmäe, Tiina; Büttgen, Klaus-Dieter; Dinkelbach, Rebecca; Nell, Rebecca; Drews, Patrick; Seitz, Jan; Polla, Felix; Kröling, Sophie; Gerhold, Lars; Schuchardt, Agnetha ; Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk -THW-, Bonn; Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe e.V., Berlin; Univ. Stuttgart, Institut für Arbeitswissenschaft und Technologiemanagement -IAT-; Technische Hochschule Wildau; Freie Univ. Berlin, Arbeitsgruppe Interdisziplinäre Sicherheitsforschung
Report
2019Optimisation of Preparedness and Response of Health Services in Major Crises Using the IMPRESS Platform
Dobrinkova, Nina; Heckel, Marcel; Olunczek, Andrej; Hedel, Ralf; Finnie, Thomas; Thompson, James; Hall, Ian; Dimopoulos, Christos; Boustras, George; Danidou, Yianna; Efstathiou, Nectarios; Psaroudakis, Chrysostomos; Koutras, Nikolaos; Eftichidis, George; Gkotsis, Ilias; Kostaridis, Antonis; Moutzouris, Marios; Panunzi, Simona; Seynaeve, Geert; Tsekeridou, Sofia; Vergeti, Danae
Conference Paper
2019Pflege- und Hilfsbedürftige in Schadenslagen: Aufgaben und Verantwortlichkeit von Kommunen als Teilergebnis des Projektes KOPHIS
Nell, Rebecca; Strunck, Stefan; Zettl, Veronika
Journal Article
2019Realitätsnah oder genau? Triangulative Übungsevaluation: Erfahrungen aus dem REBEKA‐Projekt
Drews, Patrick; Sautter, Johannes; Kübel, Marcel
Book Article
2019Towards Computer-Aided Security Life Cycle Management for Critical Industrial Control Systems
Patzer, Florian; Meshram, A.; Birnstill, Pascal; Haas, Christian; Beyerer, Jürgen
Conference Paper
2018Ad hoc-Schulung für Mittlerorganisationen und ihre Mitglieder zur Zusammenarbeit mit BOS
Zettl, Veronika
Report
2018Assessment of the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection in the surface transport sector
Hedel, Ralf; Boustras, George; Gkotsis, Ilias; Vasiliadou, Ioanna; Rathke, Paul
Journal Article
2018Certified video surveillance systems for more resilient urban societies
Wurster, S.; Kamara, I.; Sveinsdottir, T.; Krempel, E.
Book Article
2018Damage Functions for Transport Infrastructure
Habermann, Nadine; Hedel, Ralf
Journal Article
2018Handlungsleitfaden für BOS zur Zusammenarbeit mit Mittlerorganisationen in Schadenslagen
Zettl, Veronika
Report
2018Eine Mikroservice-basierte Referenzarchitektur für interoperable, flexible und robuste Warnsysteme
Meissen, Ulrich; Pfennigschmidt, Stefan; Hardt, Markus; Faust, Daniel; Fuchs-Kittowski, Frank
Conference Paper
2018Objekterkennung und -verortung in Luftbildaufnahmen für Such- und Rettungseinsätze mittels neuronaler Faltungsnetzwerke
Leinweber, Artur; Surmann, Hartmut; Worst, Rainer
Bachelor Thesis
2018The sensor to decision chain in crisis management
Moßgraber, Jürgen; Hilbring, Desiree; Schaaf, Hylke van der; Hertweck, Philipp; Kontopoulos, E.; Mitzias, P.; Karakostas, A.; Vrochidis, S.; Kompatsiaris, I.
Conference Paper
2018Tätigkeitenkatalog für Spontanhelfende
Drews, Patrick
Book
2018Zusammenarbeit erfolgreich gestalten: Wie die ambulante Versorgung von Pflege- und Hilfsbedürftigen in Schadenslagen sichergestellt werden kann
Zettl, Veronika; Strunck, Stefan; Nell, Rebecca
Report
2017Concept for a common operational picture in a guidance vehicle
Wagner, Boris; Eck, Ralf; Maier, Sebastian
Conference Paper
2017Digitalisierung und Zivile Sicherheit: Zivilgesellschaftliche und betriebliche Kontinuität in Katastrophenlagen (KontiKat)
Reuter, C.; Kaufhold, M.-A.; Schorch, M.; Gerwinski, J.; Soost, C.; Hassan, S.S.; Rusch, G.; Moog, P.; Pipek, V.; Wulf, V.
Journal Article
2017DIY policing
Denef, Sebastian; Vries, Arnout de; Hadjimatheou, Kat; Roosendaal, Arnold; Vliet, Hans van; Cecowski, Mariano; Diego, Jordi; Fernández, Rubén; Coaffee, Jon; Kermitsis, Emmanouil; Moustakidis, Nikos; Tani, Klaudia; Torre, Pilar de la; Williamson, Fiona
Study
2017E2mC: Improving Emergency Management Service Practice through Social Media and Crowdsourcing Analysis in Near Real Time
Havas, C.; Resch, B.; Francalanci, C.; Pernici, B.; Scalia, G.; Fernandez-Marquez, J.L.; Achte, T. Van; Zeug, G.; Mondardini, M.R.R.; Grandoni, D.; Kirsch, B.; Kalas, M.; Lorini, V.; Rüping, S.
Journal Article
2017Hyperspectral imaging: Future applications in security systems
Bürsing, Helge; Gross, Wolfgang
Journal Article
2017Infrared measurements of launch vehicle exhaust plumes
Schweitzer, Caroline; Ohmer, Phillip; Wendelstein, Norbert; Stein, Karin
Conference Paper
2017A pattern language of social media in public security
Denef, Sebastian; Vries, Arnout de; Vliet, Hans van; Cecowski, Mariano; Diego, Jordi; Fernández, Rubén; Hadjimatheou, Kat; Coaffee, Jon; Kermitsis, Emmanouil; Moustakidis, Nikos; Tani, Klaudia; Torre, Pilar de la; Williamson, Fiona
Study
2017Risikobeurteilung in der IT-Sicherheit Kritischer Infrastrukturen - Eine Analyse der Risikobeurteilung im Förderschwerpunkt ITS|KRITIS
Gurschler, Tamara; Großmann, Jürgen; Kotarski, David; Teichmann, Clemens; Thim, Christof; Eichler, Jörn; Göllner, Johannes; Gronau, Norbert; Lechner, Ulrike
Conference Paper
2016Durchführung und Auswertung von MANV-Übungen: Wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse und Best Practices
Sautter, Johannes; Schneider, Friederike; Kippnich, Uwe; Wirth, Sven; Habermann, Manuel; Siebel, Claudia; Kippnich, Max; Frings, Sandra; Häusler, Hardy; Max, Matthias ; Deutsches Rotes Kreuz -DRK-, Deutschland
Study
2016An integrated modelling approach for spatial-aware federated simulation
Xie, J.; Kozik, R.; Flourenzou, N.
Conference Paper
2016Interactive analysis of geodata based intelligence
Wagner, Boris; Eck, Ralf; Unmuessig, Gabriel; Peinsipp-Byma, Elisabeth
Conference Paper
2016Mitigating local attacks against a city traffic controller
Ulltveit-Moe, N.; Pfrang, Steffen; Erdödi, L.; Nebot, H.
Conference Paper
2016Mobile Anwendungen für Bürger im Katastrophenschutz
Fuchs-Kittowski, Frank; Meissen, Ulrich
Book Article
2016Security Research Conference. 11th Future Security: Berlin, September 13-14, 2016. Proceedings
Ambacher, Oliver (Ed.); Wagner, Joachim (Ed.); Quay, Rüdiger (Ed.) ; Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Festkörperphysik -IAF-, Freiburg/Brsg.
Conference Proceedings
2016Spatial-aware iterative integration of crisis management information systems
Sojeva, Betim; Xie, Jingquan
Conference Paper
2016The use of what-if analysis to improve the management of crisis situations
Rome, Erich; Doll, Thomas; Rilling, Stefan; Sojeva, Betim; Voss, Norman; Xie, Jingquan
Book Article
2015Advanced services for critical infrastructures protection
Kozik, Rafal; Choras, Michal; Flizikowski, Adam; Theocharidou, Marianthi; Rosato, Vittorio; Rome, Erich
Journal Article
2015Anforderungen an Organisationen für einen zukunftsfähigen Katastrophenschutz
Engelbach, Wolf; Mauthner, Jana; Engel, Kerstin
Book Article
2015Concept of an advanced hyperspectral remote sensing system for pipeline monitoring
Keskin, Göksu; Teutsch, Caroline D.; Lenz, Andreas; Middelmann, Wolfgang
Conference Paper
2015Dynamic configuration of distributed systems for disaster management
Segor, Florian; Tchouchenkov, Igor; Schönbein, Rainer; Kollmann, Matthias; Frey, Christian; Rilling, Stefan; Worst, Rainer
Conference Paper
2015Engagiert im Katastrophenschutz: Impulse für ein zukunftsfähiges Freiwilligenmanagement
INKA-Forschungsverbund
Book
2015Handlungsempfehlungen für die Durchführung und Auswertung von Übungen des Massenanfalls von Verletzten (MANV) aus Sicht des DRK
Schneider, F.; Kippnich, U.; Siebel, C.; Sautter, Johannes; Kippnich, M.; Sefrin, P.
Journal Article
2015Informationstechnologien für das Freiwilligenmanagement in Katastrophenschutz und Krisenmanagement
Mauthner, Jana; Engelbach, Wolf; Engel, Kerstin
Book Article
2015Katastrophaler Kulturgutschutz
Fuhrmann, Constanze
Journal Article
2015Katastrophe in der Anlage - Wie kann die Bevölkerung gewarnt werden?
Klafft, Michael
Conference Paper
2015Rough terrain motion planning for actively reconfigurable mobile robots
Brunner, M.; Schlick, C.; Flemisch, F.
Dissertation
2015Simulation of atmospheric and terrestrial background signatures for detection and tracking scenarios
Schweitzer, Caroline; Stein, Karin
Conference Paper
2015The trend towards the Internet of Things: What does it help in disaster and risk management?
Usländer, Thomas
Journal Article
2015Unternehmerisches Engagement im Katastrophenschutz
Hamann, Karin
Book Article
2015Unternehmerisches Engagement im Katastrophenschutz. Ausnahme oder neue Selbstverständlichkeit?: Krisenmanagement als Herausforderung und Chance für Personalentwicklung und Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Unternehmen
Hamann, Karin; Strittmatter, Mira
Report
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.