Public safety and security

Überwachung von öffentlichen Infrastrukturen
© viappy/Fotolia.com

Natural catastrophes, industrial accidents, as well as global political threats and their consequences are complex perils that require comprehensive and resilient strategies for catastrophe and crisis management. In crisis situations, the protection of the population as well as the safety of rescue teams, communications systems, and supply infrastructure must all be ensured. Fail-safe information transmission and processing are prerequisites for early warning and coordination of aid teams. Active communications with and via the population must be ensured in crisis situations as well. Making use of increasingly specialized networking offers a big opportunity. It is also necessary to detect perils early in fighting and preventing terrorism and crime. The challenge here consists of developing and implementing secure systems that protect the population from harm on one hand, and on the other preserve individual rights and privacy.

Early detection and warning systems

Early detection and warning systems provide protection of the population and critical infrastructure. Camera-based systems, sensor networks, and Big Data analyses can provide the means for timely identification of potential perils posed by natural catastrophes, disruptive technical factors, or the propagation of epidemics. Early warning systems can then inform the population about the peril and the area affected, and instruct them on how they should conduct themselves.

Catastrophe management requires fast and carefully thought-out actions in a crisis situation. The team leaders make difficult decisions in as little time as possible that can have life and death consequences. Interoperable networked assistance systems and computer-aided scenario analysis support the decision-making process. They focus the continuous ow of information, deliver comprehensible presentations of the complex relationships and facilitate rapid overview of the crisis situation and how to cope with it effectively while conserving resources.

Simulation and modeling of complex operational processes in critical infrastructure like electrical and water supplies is indispensable for protecting these. In this way, failures and environment-dependent or political changes can be analyzed and their consequences identified, as well as various safety and security measures evaluated. However, the development of detailed and integrated safety plans with testing and training areas for operational and rescue forces also contributes to protection of public buildings, companies, as well as scientific and cultural institutions.

Project MOBIKAT

Example project from Fraunhofer IVI, Dresden

The MobiKat system helps to prevent and to cope with large-scale disasters as well as to assist with prevention of ordinary perils. Senior staff, team leaders, and disaster relief teams on site receive a valuable basis for decisions about effective planning and implementation of protection and rescue measures. Guaranteeing mobility for all participants is a priority. This ensures rapid assistance and facilitates considerable reduction of property damage and personal injury.

Project page

Feuerwehrmänner vor einem Feuerwehrauto.
© Bernd Liebl|Fraunhofer
Mobility support, but also better decision-making bases are the goals of MOBIKAT.

Scientific publications

YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
2020Monitoring bioeconomy transitions with economic-environmental and innovation indicators: Addressing data gaps in the short term
Jander, Wiebke; Wydra, Sven; Wackerbauer, Johann; Grundmann, Philipp; Piotrowski, Stephan
Journal Article
2020The effects of carbon incorporation on the refractive index of PECVD silicon oxide layers
Torda, Benjamin; Rachdi, Lazhar; Mohamed Okasha Mohamed Okasha, Asmaa; Saint-Cast, Pierre; Hofmann, Marc
Journal Article
2020Modeling a potential hydrogen refueling station network for fuel cell heavy-duty vehicles in Germany in 2050
Rose, Philipp; Wietschel, Martin; Lindstädt, Hagen
Dissertation
2020Mere deployment of renewables or industry formation, too? Exploring the role of advocacy communities for the Argentinean energy policy mix
Gomel, Daniela; Rogge, Karoline
Journal Article
2020Order-Oriented Learning Factories: Why and How Learning Factories Have to Adapt
Siegert, Jörg; Schlegel, Thilo; Zarco, Liliana; Bauernhansl, Thomas
Journal Article
2020Energy dependency, the potential supply of renewable energies and the political responses in Turkey in the decades since the oil-crisis
Akca Prill, Melek
Dissertation
2020Scenarios for anthropogenic copper demand and supply in China: Implications of a scrap import ban and a circular economy transition
Dong, Di; Tercero Espinoza, Luis A.; Loibl, Antonia; Pfaff, Matthias; Tukker, Arnold; Voet, Ester van der
Journal Article
2020Critical Success Factors of the Smart City Transformation Process and the Role of Technology in the Smart City Approach - A Case Study of Munich, Germany
Schabel, Louisa; Heller, Stephan (Erstprüfer); Seydel, Dominique (Zweitprüfer)
Bachelor Thesis
2020Struktur und Dynamik des Forschungs- und Wissenschaftsstandorts Baden-Württemberg
Frietsch, Rainer; Koschatzky, Knut; Beckert, Bernd; Jackwerth-Rice, Thomas; Lerch, Christian; Lubczyk, Moritz; Neuhäusler, Peter; Rammer, Christian; Stahlecker, Thomas; Viete, Steffen
Report
2020Detection of point scatterers using diffraction imaging and deep learning
Tschannen, Valentin; Ettrich, Norman; Delescluse, Matthias; Keuper, Janis
Journal Article
2020Atomic-resolution mapping of transcription factor-DNA interactions by femtosecond laser crosslinking and mass spectrometry
Reim, A.; Ackermann, R.; Font-Mateu, J.; Kammel, R.; Beato, M.; Nolte, S.; Mann, M.; Russmann, C.; Wierer, M.
Journal Article
2020Fluctuat net mergitur - 40 years of Cytometry journal. Editorial
Tárnok, Attila
Journal Article
2020Palletising Support in Intralogistics: The Effect of a Passive Exoskeleton on Workload and Task Difficulty Considering Handling and Comfort
Kinne, Semhar; Kretschmer, Veronika; Bednorz, Nicole
Conference Paper
2020A Systemic Approach for Early Warning in Crisis Prevention and Management
Kuwertz, Achim; Moll, Maximilian; Sander, Jennifer; Pickl, Stefan
Conference Paper
2020Machine Learning in Thermodynamics: Prediction of Activity Coefficients by Matrix Completion
Jirasek, Fabian; Alves, Rodrigo A.S.; Damay, Julie; Vandermeulen, Robert A.; Bamler, Robert; Bortz, Michael; Mandt, Stephan; Kloft, Marius; Hasse, Hans
Journal Article
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.