Industrial Metaverse

Metaverse – a definition

As usual with trending topics, there is often a lack of consistent definitions and sometimes substance. So what is this metaverse and for whom is it relevant and why? Conceptually borrowed from science fiction literature, the »metaverse« describes a virtual world with digital avatars and virtual objects. The metaverse is the potential Internet design of the future: this 3D Internet can be viewed as well as entered using data glasses and extended reality (XR) technologies, enabling seamless interaction between the digital and analog worlds. The prefix "meta" describes the seamless cross-platform transition between different virtual worlds. Building on scientific publications by researchers, Fraunhofer defines the metaverse based on the following seven characteristics:


  • A metaverse is a combination of virtual worlds and extended real worlds, which, however, do not represent self-contained systems, but are networked with each other and with reality.
  • A metaverse is a social medium in which people can interact, communicate, cooperate but also act and own property.
  • A metaverse is persistent and long-lived, but may have temporary sessions.
  • A metaverse is an integrative system that incorporates and uses numerous other technologies in addition to virtual and augmented reality. To this end, it is important that all Metaverse components are open and interoperable, following open standards as much as possible.
  • The key action of metaverse applications – besides virtual immersion – is to capture user states and the real environment.
  • Participation in the metaverse is multimodal and can be customized in intensity and representation (»embodiment of avatars«). Participants can seamlessly switch between different forms of participation and participation intensity.
  • A metaverse is closely linked to the real world. Information, actions and interactions are exchanged between both environments (virtual and real) and influence each other.


»Technologies and Use Cases for the (Industrial) Metaverse«



Guide to the Metaverse

The Bitkom guide provides an overview of the concept, technologies, application possibilities and business models as well as the social significance of the metaverse.

Industrial Metaverse – Vision, Technologies and Use Cases

The Tech Transfer Conference Stage at Hannover Messe in April 2023 focused on forward-looking ideas from industrial research. You can find the presentations and panels here.

Presentation »Metaverse: Fact or Fiction?« at the 2022

© Fraunhofer-Verbund IUK-Technologie
Cube Class presentation by Leif Oppermann at 2022.

The idea and the term "metaverse" have been around for over 30 years and the core technology behind it all even much longer. Today, the metaverse is the trend topic par excellence. But what opportunities does it open up for market participants and customers? Is it socially desirable? In his Cube Class auf der 2022Dr. Leif Oppermann from Fraunhofer FIT provided answers to these forward-looking questions.

After an overview presentation, current research needs will be discussed: Potential & Business Benefits and Use-Cases in the Metaverse. The current metaverse debate will be classified, basic components and technologies of the metaverse (like VR/MR/XR/whatevR, avatars, digital twins, fast networks but also blockchain & smart contracts) will be explained to give an insight into what will become possible on the application side.

The Industrial Metaverse applications presented in the lecture in the joint project »IndustrieStadtpark« can be found on the Youtube-Kanal des Fraunhofer FIT. The contents of the lecture can be found hier.


Watch video View Presentation Slides


Possible applications of the Metaverse in the hotel and tourism industry

Many things are possible at the Metaverse. Here you can work and learn, meet friends and celebrate, or be active and creative in sports.  


How will the whole thing develop? What places will we soon be able to travel to here, what wonders of the world will we see there, where will we spend our time on vacation and what amenities can we enjoy there? In short: What potential does the metaverse offer for hotels?

In the joint project Future Hotel, Fraunhofer IAO is working intensively on these questions. In the current FutureHotel Innovation BreakfastDr. Dietmar Lass talked about the future of the Metaverse and the hotel of the future.


View Presentation Slides


Fraunhofer IAO / Virtual Dimension Center Fellbach w. V.

World Café Metaverse

At the Open Innovation Congress on April 11, 2022, Fraunhofer IAO and VDC Fellbach together with other participants shed light on the topic »Metaverse: Opportunity or Hype?«.



Fraunhofer IOSB

Digital game-based learning


Fraunhofer ISST

Data as an economic asset


Fraunhofer ITWM

Physically precise simulations

Fraunhofer SCAI

Efficiency increase and improvement in the area of simulations and visualizations

Applications in virtual, mixed and augmented reality


Fraunhofer IDMT

Ergonomics analysis tools in VR


Fraunhofer FIT

Mixed and Augmented Reality Solutions


Fraunhofer FOKUS

Technologies for digital life


Fraunhofer FOKUS

Virtualization of live events through audio-visual immersion


Fraunhofer HHI

VR case of the eyewitness interview ERNST GRUBE – DAS VERMÄCHTNIS

World's first volumetric eyewitness interview


Fraunhofer IESE

Virtual augmented training for education and continuing education


AR- and VR lab

for visualization solutions for the development and implementation of new product and service ideas


Fraunhofer IIS

Virtual Reality Technologies and the Holodeck 4.0


Fraunhofer MEVIS

Visualization and interaction


Fraunhofer MEVIS

Mixed Reality

Blockchain, NFTs und Smart Contracts



Theme page »Blockchain«


Fraunhofer FIT


Artificial Intelligence


Fraunhofer-Verbund IUK-Technologie

Theme page »Artificial Intelligence«


Fraunhofer IKS

Reliable Artificial Intelligence


Fraunhofer IOSB

Explainable and transparent AI


Fraunhofer IAIS

Protected data spaces and reference architecture for secure data spaces